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Longer period in submerged condition has been an important objective of submarines since early days and the propulsion has played a key role. The book catalogs evolution of submarine propulsion and has insights to development of nuclear propulsion by US, USSR, UK, France, China, India, Brazil and Argentina. The Indian experience of developing a land based nuclear propulsion prototype and its nuclear submarine INS Arihant has been described. Experts from France, Brazil and Argentina have contributed chapters on the projects from their respective countries.
Forewords by Sekhar Basu, Chairman Atomic Energy Commission & Secretary Department of Atomic Energy ; K N Vyas, Director Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
Anil Anand was the Director, Reactor Projects Group, leading the Programme for Nuclear Propulsion for the Indian Nuclear Submarine Programme.
He finished his mechanical engineering from BHU in 1961 and joined Atomic Energy, where he did his post-graduation in Nuclear Science and Technology. At the time of retirement from Dept. of Atomic Energy on 30.11.2001, he was Director, Technical Coordination and International Relations Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, and DIRECTOR, Reactor Projects Group, leading the Programme for Nuclear Propulsion for the Indian Nuclear Submarine Programme. He was also the Executive Director, Kudankulam Project, in Nuclear Power Corporation. After retirement from BARC, he was Scientific Consultant, in the Office of the Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government from February 2002 to February 2008 At present, he is Director Technical, Microtrol Sterilisation Services Private Ltd. Mumbai where he designs the Ethylene Oxide, Gamma sterilization plants for, sterilization of disposable medical devices and for bio burden reduction of Spices. His Biography/Autobiography ‘THE SECOND STRIKE’ was published and released by Director BARC on September 14, 2014. This book is available as ‘Ma Dame – A Nuclear Scientist’s Tryst with Love and Fission’ (ISBN-13: 9789385699023) for international markets.
Yves M. HENON, After his ‘Master of Science’ from Louisiana State University in the US, Mr. Henon joined the French Atomic Energy Commission at the Cadarache research center in 1980. After working with this governmental organization for seven years, he moved to the private industry, specializing in building and managing facilities using radioisotopes in France, Thailand and Malaysia. He established his own consultancy firm specialized in radiation processing in 2006 in Singapore. After a two-year assignment at the Department of Nuclear Applications at the IAEA, he is the principal of YH Consulting in France where he has now settled. For several years he has been actively involved with the activities of the International Irradiation Association.
Fernanda das Graças Corrêa is the technical advisor at state company AMAZUL Defense Technologies. PhD in Political Science by Fluminense Federal University and in Policy and Strategy from the National War College. Master in Comparative History at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Specialist in Brazilian Military History by Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro and graduated in History from the University Gama Filho.
Leonam dos Santos Guimaraes completed BSc in Naval Sciences from the Brazilian Naval Academy in 1980, followed by sea duty appointments, he went on to study Ocean Engineering at University of São Paulo and earned a MSc degree. Following a nuclear engineering position at INSTN (University of Paris XI) and a politics and strategy degree at Brazilian Naval War College, Dr. Guimaraes earned his PhD on Naval Nuclear Propulsion Safety from University of São Paulo in 1999. Currently he is Director of Planning, Management and Environment of ELETROBRÁS ELETRONUCLEAR. He was Technical and Commercial Director of AMAZUL Defense Technologies, Coordinator of the Brazilian Navy Nuclear Propulsion Program, and Professor of Operations Management and Risk Engineering at University of São Paulo. He is member of WNA Board, member of IAEA Standing Advisory Group on Nuclear Energy (SAGNE) and President of Latin American Section of American Nuclear Society.
Alejandro Delaygue is Bachelor in Electronics Engineering with master degrees in Business Administration and National Defense. Worked as Productive Investments Analyst and Commerce in government dependencies, and as Information Technologies consultant, management and productive processes, and general management of medium & small companies concerning services and agro production. Consultant and researcher on defense issues and national strategic industrial development.
PROLOGUE AND GRATITUDE
SUBMERSIBLES — THE HUMAN CURIOSITY
MODERN DAY SUBMERSIBLES
SUBMARINE PROPULSION—MUSCLE POWER
MECHANICAL POWER REPLACES MUSCLE POWER
SUBMARINE WARFARE DURING FIRST AND SECOND WORLD WARS
POST WORLD WAR II
AIR INDEPENDENT PROPULSION SYSTEMS
NUCLEAR PROPULSION IN US – The Delay—Technical & Organisational, Organisation Structure, Building of the land based unit and Nautilus, Seawolf, COLD WAR — Strategic deterrence, Post Cold War
NUCLEAR PROPULSION IN SOVIET UNION – Soviet Navy and Submarine History in Soviet Union, Nuclear Propulsion in the Soviet Union, Nuclear Powered Ice Breakers
NUCLEAR PROPULSION IN UK
NUCLEAR PROPULSION IN FRANCE
NUCLEAR PROPULSION IN CHINA
NPT, NWS, NNWS, NSG, MTCR
NUCLEAR PROPULSION IN INDIA – Indian Navy and the Submarines, The Beginning-Theoretical Studies, ATV Organization Setup, Independent ‘Design Safety Review Committee’, Land Based Prototype, Transportation of Hull Sections to the site 1994 , Light at the end of the Tunnel, Enriched Uranium, Challenges in conversion of U Hexafluoride to U Metal Powder, Fuel Fabrication for Nuclear Propulsion – Challenges Faced, The Challenge ‘Assembling the Reactor Compartment’, Subcritical experiments in the Spent Fuel Storage Pool, INS Arihant
NUCLEAR PROPULSION IN BRAZIL
NUCLEAR PROPULSION IN ARGENTINA
REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTORS